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Key points

  • There are three main components to the processor: The ALU, Registers and Control Unit
  • The ALU (Arithmetic and Logic Unit) is the part of the processor where logical operations and calculations are carried out.
  • The Control Unit is used to control the flow of data between the processor and memory. The Control Unit interacts with the control bus to do this.
  • Registers store single items of data while they are being used in the processor.
  • A register called the Program Counter keeps track of the location of the current instruction in memory.
  • A register called the accumulator is used to store the result of any calculation.



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